2019, 39(4):504-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2019015

定子表面织构对超声电机性能的影响

宁波大学 机械工程与力学学院,浙江 宁波 315211

通讯作者: 李锦棒, lijinbang@nbu.edu.cn

收稿日期: 2019-01-21
录用日期: 2019-04-24
网络出版日期: 2019-07-28

Effect of Stator Surface Texture on the Performances of an Ultrasonic Motor

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Ningbo University, Zhejiang Ningbo 315211, China

Corresponding author: Jinbang LI, lijinbang@nbu.edu.cn

Received Date: 21 Jan 2019
Accepted Date: 24 Apr 2019
Available Online: 28 Jul 2019

引用本文: 曾帅帅, 李锦棒, 陈鹏飞, 崔玉国. 定子表面织构对超声电机性能的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2019015.

Citation: Shuaishuai ZENG, Jinbang LI, Pengfei CENG and Yuguo CUI. Effect of Stator Surface Texture on the Performances of An Ultrasonic Motor[J]. TRIBOLOGY.

针对超声电机摩擦材料磨损严重和温升高的问题,采用在定子表面加工微织构的方法,提高了电机机械特性并降低了摩擦材料磨损. 首先,用显微镜测量超声电机定子表面摩擦材料黏着区域,设计出三种不同密度的凹坑织构,采用激光的方法加工在定子表面;然后,测试超声电机负载特性、效率特性和温升特性并观察定子表面. 结果表明:3-凹坑织构定子电机空载转速最高,相比光滑定子电机高出12.1%,5-凹坑织构定子电机堵转转矩和最大效率最高,分别高于光滑定子电机13.04%和17.1%,同时电机的温升也有所降低. 通过观察定子表面发现,凹坑织构有大幅降低摩擦材料黏着的作用,这种作用可以增加电机接触界面能量转换效率,提高了电机的性能并降低了摩擦材料的磨损.

关键词: 超声电机, 机械特性, 温升特性, 摩擦磨损, 表面织构
[1]

郭吉丰, 白洋, 王剑. 多自由度超声波电机的研究进展和展望[J]. 振动与冲击, 2013, 32(15): 65–68.

Guo Jifeng, Bai Yang, Wang Jian. Recent development and prospect of multi-degree-of-freedom ultrasonic motors[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2013, 32(15): 65–68.

[2]

Song Fuzhi, Yang Zhenhui, Zhao Gai, et al. Tribological performance of filled PTFE-based friction material for ultrasonic motor under different temperature and vacuum degrees[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2017, 134(39): 45358. doi: 10.1002/app.v134.39

[3]

Fan Yu, Ding Qingjun, Yao Zhiyuan. Properties of potassium titanate whisker reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene-based friction materials of ultrasonic motors[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2012, 125(5): 3313–3317. doi: 10.1002/app.v125.5

[4]

Wang Qihua, Song Fuzhi, Zhang Xinrui, et al. Impact of fillers and counter face topography on wear behavior of PTFE polymers for ultrasonic motor[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2017, 134(19): 48835.

[5]

Zhao Gai, Wu Chuhan, Zhang Liangchi, et al. Friction and wear behavior of PI and PTFE composites for ultrasonic motors[J]. Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2018, 29(5): 1487–1496. doi: 10.1002/pat.v29.5

[6]

丁庆军, 姚志远, 郑伟, 等. 行波型超声电机定子摩擦材料的研制及其摩擦磨损性能研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2007, 27(6): 578–582. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1004-0595.2007.06.016

Ding Qingjun, Yao Zhiyuan, Zheng Wei, et al. Experimental sutdy of friction material adhere to the stator of the traveling wave type rotary ultrasonic motor[J]. Tribology, 2007, 27(6): 578–582. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1004-0595.2007.06.016

[7]

Romlay Fadhlur Rahman Mohd, Yusoff Wan Azhar Wan, Piah Kamal Arifin Mat. Increasing the efficiency of traveling wave ultrasonic motor by modifying the stator geometry[J]. Ultrasonics, 2016, 64: 177–185. doi: 10.1016/j.ultras.2015.09.002

[8]

杨笑, 孟祥铠, 彭旭东, 等. 表面织构化机械密封热弹流润滑性能分析[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2018, 38(2): 204–212. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018.02.011

Yang Xiao, Meng Xiangkai, Peng Xudong, et al. A TEHD lubrication analysis of surface textured mechanical seals[J]. Tribology, 2018, 38(2): 204–212. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018.02.011

[9]

赵帅, 王晓雷. 高分子材料机械密封磨损特性及表面织构的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(6): 761–767. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.06.016

Zhao Shuai, Wang Xiaolei. The effects of surface texture on the wear properties of mechanical seals made of metal and molymers[J]. Tribology, 2015, 35(6): 761–767. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.06.016

[10]

鹿重阳, 杨学锋, 王守仁, 等. 三角沟槽形织构化硬质合金工作表面动压润滑及减摩特性[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2018, 38(5): 537–546. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018.05.006

Lu Chongyang, Yang Xuefeng, Wang Shouren, et al. Dynamic pressure lubrication and anti-friction characteristics of the working surface of the cemented carbide with triangular grooved microtexture[J]. Tribology, 2018, 38(5): 537–546. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018.05.006

[11]

剡珍, 孙嘉奕, 姜栋, 等. 激光织构化TiN薄膜的干摩擦性能研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2017, 37(4): 518–526. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2017.04.014

Yan Zhen, Sun Jiayi, Jiang Dong, et al. Tribological behavior of laser textured TiN films under dry friction condition[J]. Tribology, 2017, 37(4): 518–526. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2017.04.014

[12]

胡天昌, 胡丽天, 丁奇. 45#钢表面激光织构化及其干摩擦特性研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2010, 30(1): 46–52. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2010.01.014

Hu Tianchang, Hu Litian, Ding Qi. Tribological properties of laser textured surfaces of 45# steel under dry friction[J]. Tribology, 2010, 30(1): 46–52. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2010.01.014

[13]

王丰, 丁庆军, 赵盖, 等. 表面织构化聚酰亚胺薄膜超声电机摩擦材料性能研究[J]. 应用化工, 2017, 46(9): 1859–1862. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-3206.2017.09.049

Wang Feng, Ding Qingjun, Zhao Gai, et al. Study on properties of surface texturing polyimide films friction materials of ultrasonic motor[J]. Applied Chemical Industry, 2017, 46(9): 1859–1862. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-3206.2017.09.049

[14]

Liu Xiaoliang, Qiu Jinhao, Zhao Gai. Improved energy conversion efficiency of the ultrasonic motor with surface texture[J]. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 2018, 70(9): 1729–1736. doi: 10.1108/ILT-02-2018-0053

[15]

Liu Xiaoliang, Qiu Jinhao, Zhao Gai. Effect of laser surface texturing on tribological properties of polyimide composites in the application of traveling wave rotary ultrasonic motor[J]. IndustrIal Lubrication and Tribology, 2018, 70(4): 569–577. doi: 10.1108/ILT-06-2016-0130

[16]

Li Jinbang, Qu Jianjun, Zhang Yanhu. Wear properties of brass and PTFE–matrix composite in traveling wave ultrasonic motors[J]. Wear, 2015, 338-339(1): 385–393.

[17]

Mazza Luigi, Trivella Andrea, Grassi Roberto, et al. A comparison of the relative friction and wear responses of PTFE and a PTFE-based composite when tested using three different types of sliding wear machines[J]. Tribology International, 2015, 90: 15–21. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2015.04.001

[1]

李锦棒, 曲建俊. PTFE基超声电机摩擦材料磨合阶段摩擦磨损特性研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(2):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.02.008

[2]

赵帅, 王晓雷. 高分子材料机械密封磨损特性及表面织构的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(6):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.06.016

[3]

刘小君, 董磊, 王森, 李国瑞, 刘焜. 微凹坑织构表面对脂润滑关节轴承摩擦特性的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2014, 34(4):-510.

[4]

王正国, 莫继良, 陈光雄, 朱旻昊. 沟槽型织构化表面摩擦噪声特性试验研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2013, 33(3):-510.

[5]

杨超, 刘小君, 杨海东, 刘焜. 表面织构对刀具切削性能及前刀面摩擦特性的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(2):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.02.015

[6]

姜 亮, 马国亮, 王晓雷. PDMS表面织构润滑特性的研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2010, 30(3):-510.

[7]

. 行波型超声电机定子摩擦材料的研制及其摩擦磨损性能研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2007, 27(6):-510.

[8]

阳江舟, 莫继良, 盖小红, 陈光雄, 朱旻昊. 制动盘材料表面织构化处理对摩擦噪声影响的试验分析[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(3):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.03.022

[9]

孙建芳, 李傲松, 苏峰华, 李助军. 表面织构钛合金的干摩擦和全氟聚醚油润滑下的摩擦学性能研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2018, 38(6):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018111

[10]

崔旨桃, 郭智威, 谢心, 袁成清. 尼龙自润滑性与表面织构协同作用对HDPE基水润滑轴承摩擦磨损性能的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2019, 39(4):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018171

[11]

苏峰华, 毛川, 李助军. 织构深度对不锈钢表面油润滑条件下摩擦学性能影响的试验和仿真研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2019, 39(2):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018143

[12]

卢艳, 刘佐民. 微循环表面网状形态对其润滑特性影响的研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2013, 33(4):-510.

[13]

杨笑, 孟祥铠, 彭旭东, 王玉明. 表面织构化机械密封热弹流润滑性能分析[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2018, 38(2):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2018.02.011

[14]

王洪涛, 朱华. 圆柱形微凹坑排布形式对织构表面摩擦性能的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2014, 34(4):-510.

[15]

何霞, 钟林, 王国荣, 杨昌海, 蒋龙. 织构化柱塞对压裂泵密封副的摩擦学性能影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2014, 34(4):-510.

[16]

程香平, 康林萍, 张友亮, 孟祥铠, 彭旭东, 王德, 付远. 润滑条件下菱形孔织构端面摩擦学特性研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2015, 35(6):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2015.06.002

[17]

严诚平, 王莉, 王权岱, 徐华, 郝秀清, 郭方亮. 不同润湿性锡青铜表面摩擦特性实验研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2014, 34(3):-510.

[18]

刘枫, 巩亚东, 单玉桥, 蔡光起. 砂轮约束磨粒喷射加工表面的分形及摩擦特性研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2009, 29(4):-510.

[19]

李俊玲, 陈平, 邵天敏, 项欣. 葫芦形微凹坑对不锈钢表面摩擦学性能的影响[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2016, 36(2):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2016.02.010

[20]

方媛, 樊恒中, 张永胜, 宋俊杰, 胡丽天. 氧化铝/钼自润滑结构陶瓷表面三维复合润滑层的制备与摩擦学性能研究[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2017, 37(3):-510. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2017.03.016

  • 计量
    • PDF下载量 (7)
    • 文章访问量 (269)
    • HTML全文浏览量 (69)
    • 引证文献数? (0)
    目录

    Figures And Tables

    定子表面织构对超声电机性能的影响

    曾帅帅, 李锦棒, 陈鹏飞, 崔玉国